An estimated 50-75 percent of individuals have suffered some kind of headache in the last year, making it a highly common ailment. In order to identify the type of headache you have experienced, and the available treatments, the location of your head pain might be a crucial indicator.
Many individuals suffer from chronic headaches, which are defined as 15 or more headache days per month. Despite how regularly they happen, you might be curious as to why they don’t always happen in the same location. The location alone is not a reliable diagnostic tool; however, giving focus on the location of your pain may help you identify its source and ensure that you receive the appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and aftercare.
Let’s examine the different most typical headache types with their links to the location in detail. It will also educate you about the instances in which it’s crucial to contact a doctor.
Types of Headaches by Location
One side of the head – Migraine
One-sided headache, whether on the left or right side, is frequently a sign of a migraine. Around 1.04 billion individuals worldwide suffer from migraines, which is the second most common cause of disability. Changes in brain chemicals are only one of several contributing variables that might trigger migraines. An attack may also be triggered by several other circumstances, such as:
- Lower levels of serotonin
- Bright, flashing lights
- Certain foods
- Loud sounds
- Specific odours
- Sleep deprivation
- Hormonal changes
- Weather changes
- TMJ disorder
- Skipping Meals
Migraines commonly cause the following symptoms:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Throbbing, pulsing pain
- Having trouble focusing
- Noise, light, and smell sensitivities
If you constantly have migraines, attempt to keep a journal of everything you ate, did, and smelled. Then, search for patterns in your headaches.
Another major headache condition that produces discomfort on one side of the head is cluster headaches. The pain from a cluster headache typically begins behind one eye and travels to the forehead, neck, nose, side of the head and shoulders on the same side. As the name indicates, cluster headaches tend to come in groups or cycles. The typical cluster headache, which can also be a tension headache, can cause muscle spasms in the neck and head, which can result in discomfort that lasts for many days. This kind of headache often starts suddenly, lingers for 10 minutes, and then goes into remission before returning.
A cluster headache usually presents with the following symptoms:
- Sagging eyelid
- Red, teary eye
- Searing, stabbing pain behind the eye
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Facial flushing
- Puffiness behind one or more eyes
- Being restless
A correct diagnosis and the right treatment might assist if you think you may be suffering from cluster headaches.
A tight band may feel as though it is around your head when you have a whole-head headache. Tension headaches, which are also the most typical form of headache, are often headaches that impact your entire head. You could experience pressure and pain in your neck as well as pain and tenderness in the area surrounding your forehead when you experience a tension headache. Usually, it will last a few hours, but it might continue for days.
Many factors, such as the following, can result in these headaches:
- Caffeine withdrawal
- Physical exertion
- Eye strain or spending too much time looking at a computer
- having a cold or flu
- Head trauma
- Exceeding the recommended dose of headache medication, which is often known as a rebound headache.
The majority of the time, tension headaches don’t need to be treated by a doctor. However, we advise visiting a doctor if you have more than 15 headaches every month.
Front of the Head & Face
Allergies, such as hay fever, which can also cause symptoms similar to the common cold, can cause a headache behind your eyes and in your nasal passages. Eyestrain is probably the cause of these headaches if it just affects the area behind the eyes. True sinus headaches, on the other hand, seem to be uncommon. Most frequently, migraines induce these headaches, which might hurt around the sinuses. Finding and treating sinus issues is the best strategy to deal with headaches in the front of the head or the front of the face. If you believe you are experiencing sinus headaches, you might want to consider seeing a doctor to receive a diagnosis and proper treatment. If you’re experiencing a headache, your doctor can assist in identifying whether it’s a migraine or whether your allergies are the real cause.
Behind Your Head
The most common causes of headaches at the back of the head include herniated discs, poor posture, and neck arthritis. If you move, the pain usually gets worse. Low spinal fluid pressure in the brain may be the cause of spontaneous intracranial hypotension, which appears as headaches that may cause pain in the neck and the back of the head. Low-pressure headaches, sometimes referred to as spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH), can cause a back-of-the-head headache that is frequently accompanied by neck pain.
Another indication of SIH is discomfort that subsides when you lie down but intensifies when you:
- Sitting up straight
- Cough or Sneeze
- Engage in physical activity
Consult your doctor right away for treatment if you recently underwent this operation and now have a headache.
Signs of a Headache that Requires Medical Attention
Chronic headaches are those that last for 15 days or longer each month. Contacting your physician or other healthcare practitioner is a smart option if you experience any kind of chronic headache. Your whole quality of life may be enhanced by receiving the appropriate headache treatment.
If you have a headache, look out for these warning signs that you could require emergency medical care:
- Rapid Development of an Excruciating Headache
- Stiff Neck
- High Fever
- Your body’s one side experiencing weakness or paralysis
- Numbness on either side of the body
- Balance and Coordination problems
- Speech difficulties
- Lowered or Altered State of Consciousness
Your headache’s location might reveal a lot about its potential causes and the best way to cure it. An over-the-counter painkiller is a usual therapy, but even easy home treatments like drinking plenty of water, sleeping in a cool, dark place, and avoiding bright lights can help a lot. Consult a doctor right away if your headache is really bad, won’t go away despite medicines, or is accompanied by symptoms like muscular weakness, nausea, or disorientation.
Contact the top doctors with years of experience at Omni Hospitals if you have any headache discomfort and are worried. We can assist you in identifying the source of your discomfort and suggest the most effective course of action for both short- and long-term relief.